"To cast metals, namely that in their liquid state give them a definite shape that they also maintain when they have re-adopted a solid state. In general, this means that a hollow or deepening of a certain part/figure is filled with the melted metal. Thus the piece is named, using one common name, cast metal."
The description on this page can be found in a textbook in mechanical technology from the mid 19 th century. It may seem a long time ago but not much has changed since the text was written. Here we tell the reader what happens when we at Byarums Bruk cast our furniture. We would also like to put Byarums Bruk in a context and start from scratch, in the foundry's cradle. Long before any textbook on mechanical technology was in prospect.


Say castings and thoughts of a dirty factory in the industrialism dawn may appear, perhaps in England or possibly in Sweden. Cast iron has been called the fingerprints of the 19 th century and without cast iron, many of the inventions of the last two decades would have remained as just a thought, if that. The progress of the foundries was without doubt one of the keystones in the Industrial Revolution. However, the castings era began long before the industrial revolution.
Casting metals is an art that we have known of for a long time. Instead of thinking of dirty, hot and noisy foundries, imagine China 2000 years ago where they skillfully cast a full bridge in iron. In Europe one had to be content with casting in bronze, which do not require such as high heat to melt. Exactly when we in Europe learned to cast iron is uncertain, but in Sweden, archaeologists have dug up furnaces, which are thousands of years old - maybe we were the first in Europe casting in iron. What we do know is that during the late Middle Ages casting in iron was done even in Europe. The technique came most likely from the Orient.
During the mid 16 th century, the iron was used more than bronze, mainly because the iron was a cheaper alternative. Because the need for military ordnance was large, thus rapidly expanding the use of iron in Europe.
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