Bo01 CITY OF TOMORROW

Sweden's first international housing exhibition, Bo01, will open on 17 May 2001 in Malmö. The City of Tomorrow in the ecologically sustainableinformation and welfare society will be demonstrated and discusseduntil 16 September. The aim is to create a debate centred around howwe live today and how we will live in the future. Bo01 will show provocatively imaginative visions of future living, where high demandson aesthetics, ecology and high technology are combined with placing man in the centre. We are going to do this is two different locations:

The Housing area
The residential area, a newly built permanent city district with mixed buildings, encompassing both commercial and social services together with about 500 housing units. Bo01 demonstrates how intelligently utilised information technology, dignified welfare solutions and pleasurable, sensual beauty can make the sustainable city so attractive that it will be chosen in our time.

The Exhibitions
A temporary exhibition area where the theme is discussed with the emphasis on the visionary. Ideas and visions of future living areas which cannot be fully realised today are here in the form of exhibits— as a contribution to further debate. This is northern Europe's largest exhibition investment in the year 2001.

The Urban Form

On a magnificently situated point of land in — resund, a new urbancentre is being constructed for living, education and work, with the aimof showing that high-class architecture provides better conditions forthe long-term sustainability of buildings and cities. The first stage willbe completed in May 2001 and will be included in the European Bo01City of Tomorrow home exhibition.Bo01 maintains that the speedy conversion of society to long-term sustainability will only be possible when the sustainable alternativeis perceived as more attractive — the sustainable city and sustainableway of life must therefore prove itself to be at least equally asconvenient, financially advantageous, comfortable, pleasant, excitingand beautiful as today´s non-sustainable ones.The currently quantifiable requirements for ecological sustainability(e.g. energy saving — the district will actually be self-sufficient withenergy) are thus necessary, but not sufficient – only when intellectual,emotional, and social requirements are provided for can the sustainablesociety be achieved. Sustainability presupposes genuine considerationand intellectual commitment.

 

The site
The location in the city is unique — Västra Hamnen, a former industrial estate by the ocean, within walking distance of both the city centreand the beach. The district consists of landfill, and is currently flat and desolate, apart from a narrow park along the seafront. There are already some industrial enterprises, offices, and university buildings by Västra Hamnen, such as the enormous workshop building that currently houses the Malmö trade fair. The permanent part of Bo01 makes up thefirst stage of Västra Hamnen´s conversion into a complete, new district for living, work and study. We want to demonstrate there that this industrial wasteland can be transformed into the centre of the world.

Urban form
The plan has been sculpted by the grandeur of the site (the ocean,the expanse of sky, the horizon, the sunset), by very strong exposureto the wind from the west, and by the broad-meshed grid of boulevards in the district. This ensures orderliness and empathy on a grand scaleand at the same time, gives space to discover a teeming, less tangibleworld on the inside of the large squares. The plan has also been shaped by our ambitions:- to offer an urban structure that is sufficiently robust,- to meet the demands of an uncertain future (the network structureof block city and clear borders between the public and private spaces),- to provide the conditions for the essence of the city, the meetingbetween different people and cultures,- to come about gradually (the small-scale property division of theplan, its range of different residential environments),- to let cars get through, but on the terms of the pedestrians,- to provide the conditions of a city environment which, over andabove empathy and comprehensibility, also offer a wealth of informa-tion, mystery, surprises, and many unique and promising urban spaces;a dramatic tension between the grand and the intimate,- to offer a wealth of all forms of vegetation, from the individualgarden, to the sheltered, thickly wooded public canal park throughthe interior of the area.That is how the plan took shape. The grid has been distorted bythe wind, among other things, like a fishnet hung out to dry. And asa result it has actually become more rational, more valuable to build,live and stroll around in.Thus the urban form is not from the "Middle Ages", but is of today.The inspiration comes from antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Renais-sance, the Baroque period, the 20th Century, and the scale of theinterior of the area takes its precedents from typical northern Europeancities — low, tight, intimate, incredibly efficient in its use of area. The total development rights are for approx.
180,000 m2.

Klas Tham
Principal Exhibition Architect Bo01
E-mail: klas.tham@bo01.com

Bo01 — the Ecological City

From Polluted Industrial Land to a Leading Ecological Area
Four fifths of the world's population will be living in cities within a fewdecades. Urbanisation generates economic development and wellbeing,but also leads to problems with water and sewage, traffic, poor energysystems and overconsumption of resources. Solving the cities'environmental problems is therefore the key to a sustainable future.The aim is for the district to be an internationally leading exampleof environmental adaptation of a densely built urban environment.It will also be a driving force in Malmö's development towards environ-mental sustainability.
 

100 % Locally Renewable Energy
The new city district will exclusively be supplied by renewable sourcesof energy. The energy used in the Western Harbour will be generatedin or near the area. A large proportion of the heating needs will beextracted from sea water and groundwater and will be complimentedwith solar collectors.Electricity will be generated by wind power and photovoltaic cells. Biogas will be produced from the area's waste and will be used to heathomes and power vehicles.An effective energy usage is essential in order to reach the target ofentirely locally produced renewable energy. The buildings in the districtare designed to minimise energy demands for heating and electricalequipment that is installed should be highly energy efficient.

Eco-Cycle
The area is attached to the existing sewage system in Malmö, whichwill be improved with a plant to extract nutrients and heavy metalsfrom the sludge. The nutrients can then be returned to agricultureand the metals used in the treatment process can be reused.A large amount of the organic waste produced in the area will betransformed to biogas in a new biogas digesters.The household waste that is not separated for recycling goes intothe vacuum refuse chutes where the waste is separated into organicwaste and other waste. The organic waste is taken to the biogas plantfor digestion into biogas which is then returned to the housing area.The remaining waste will be incinerated to generate district heat.Recyclable packaging materials will be collected at special pointsclose to the houses.

Traffic
The area is planned to minimise future transport needs and cardependency. Cycle traffic is the most important element in the area'stransport system. The footpath and cycleway network will beof a standard to make it an attractive alternative for short journeys.Cyclists in the area will always be prioritised ahead of cars.The public transport system will be attractive and well developedfrom the outset in order to attract many users and become the naturalchoice for residents in the area.A major programme for vehicles powered by environmentally friendlyfuels is planned. Public transport will run on environmentally fuels,the area's car pool will have a number of electric or gas poweredvehicles and vehicles used for the maintenance of the area will alsobe electrically powered.

Ecological Building
Environmental thinking is ever present in the construction of thedistrict's properties. Substances listed in the Swedish ChemicalsInspectorate's list of hazardous materials will not be used in thebuilding process. The buildings will be built so that inhabitants andusers can utilise them in an environmentally friendly and resourceefficient way. Building materials should be reusable when the buildingsare demolished.

Biodiversity
The district is being built with the aim of containing a diverse rangeof natural life. A number of habitats are being created for manydifferent plant and animal species. Roofs and walls will be coveredwith plants in order to increase the green space. Rainwater and seawater will be used in public spaces to support a broad range of species.A district ecologist will be employed in the Western Harbour area.

Local Investment Programme for Ecological Adaptation
Bo01/Western harbour is part of Malmö's Local Investment Programmefor ecological development (LIP) which includes a number of projects toaccelerate the development of an environmentally sustainable Malmö.

Hanna Roberts
Head of Environment

E-mail: hanna.roberts@bo01.com

The green Bo01

BO01 CITY OF TOMORROW
Sweden´s first international housing exhibition, Bo01, will open on17 May 2001. The City of Tomorrow in the ecologically sustainableinformation and welfare society will be demonstrated and discusseduntil 16 September. The aim is to create a debate centred aroundhow we live today and how we will live in the future. Bo01 willshow provocatively imaginative visions of future living, where highdemands on aesthetics, ecology and high technology are combinedwith placing man in the centre. We are going to do this is twodifferent locations:

The permanent Settlement (A)
The residential area, a newly built permanent city district with mixedbuildings, encompassing both commercial and social services togetherwith about 500 housing units. Bo01 demonstrates how intelligentlyutilised information technology, dignified welfare solutions andpleasurable, sensual beauty can make the sustainable city so attractivethat it will be chosen in our time.

The temporary exhibition (B)
A temporary exhibition area where the theme is discussed with theemphasis on the visionary. Ideas and visions of future living areaswhich cannot be fully realised today are here in the form of exhibits —as a contribution to further debate. This is northern EuropeÕs largestexhibition investment in the year 2001.Our ambition is that both the above parts should together form awhole, an attraction of international class. Architects, artists, designersand technicians at national and international levels are helping us torealise this ambition. Bo01 is expected to attract at least one millionvisitors. Bo01 is supported by the Swedish Gouvernment and the European Commission.

OBJECTIVES OF THE GREEN Bo01
We know, from statistics of earlier national housing exhibitions, thatthere are two main visitor attractions: garden and interior design. Thereis nothing intrinsically surprising about the great interest aroused bygardens, but previous housing exhibitions have never put the gardenvery high on their list of priorities or done very much to market it. Withfew exceptions, courtyards, parks, streets and piazzas have barely beencompleted. This is why Bo01, for the first time ever, is putting greenissues at the centre of attention. We are adopting a holistic approach tothe subject, both large and small scale and in both the permanent andtemporary parts of the exhibition. Our means to this end are as follows:
• Visitors and residents will experience homes and the externalenvironment as a single unit in the permanent part of the exhibition,the Settlement. Here Bo01 will instance what can be achieved ina newly constructed urban environment with ecological, aestheticand functional inflections. Parks, waterfront promenades, streets andpiazzas and exciting courtyards will be created with a very high levelof aspiration. The public environment at Bo01 is intended to attractpeople from all over Malmö.
• We are also putting green in focus by making the entire frame of the temporary exhibition area consist of a large, newly planted Willowwood. This Willow wood, the first thing which the visitor encounters onarrival at Bo01, is intended as an appetiser for the temporary greenprojects, all of which interact with the wood and, hopefully, will arousewidespread attention. The main Bo01 entrance is located in thetemporary exhibition area, and this is devoted to a discussion of theBo01 theme, with special emphasis on the visionary. Garden, park andnature are an important part of our housing conditions, and so in thispart of the exhibition we want to present green projects which cantrigger discussions concerning the importance of the garden to peopleof tomorrow.

Agneta Persson
Director Exhibition Planning
responsible for the green concepts at Bo01

THE HOUSES

The buildings of Bo01 City of Tomorrow are the first part in the processof transforming the former industrial area to a brand new living urbandistrict. The housing exhibition gives promises for tomorrows way ofliving with man in focus.
Some of Europe's most promising and interesting architects havecreated the new environment, such as Santiago Calatrava, Zurich,Gert Wingård, Gothenburg, Kai Wartiainen, Stockholm, Ralph Erskine,Stockholm and Bertil Öhrström, Malmö, in cooperation with MooreRuble Yudell, USA. Bo01 also highlights some young swedish and danish architects.
The housing area consists of 500 dwellings in a very varied design.From one and a half storeys to the height of six storeys. Higher blockstowards the keyside and lower in the area in between. Just to make theinner part of the housing area more comfortable and cozy and shelteredfrom the strong winds from the sea.

 

HOME EXHIBITIONS
Bo01 also presents the largest housing exhibition of all time with about 50 specially furnished and designed dwellings in the newly erected houses. The great number of inspiring dwellings are created by internationally wellknown designers.

For further information contact:
Bo01 City of Tomorrow Box 453 SE-201 24 Malmö, Sweden
Phone: +46 40 668 09 00
Fax: +46 40 668 09 10
E-mail: bo01@bo01.com

Key stakeholders in Bo01 are the Swedish government, the City
of Malmö, Sydkraft, Telia, HSB and SBAB. The project is also supported by the European Commission.